Every once in a while we may need to know how much time is spent on our different everyday tasks so that we can make a schedule. It helps us to plan any future task. Also, we can use this record as a reference for any future endeavors. We can very conveniently calculate the percentage of time in Excel. In this article, we will discuss **4** simple but efficient ways to calculate the percentage of time in Excel. We will employ different functions like **DATEIF**, **YEARFRAC**, **YEARFRAC** with **DATE** & **YEAR** together, etc. We will also discuss how we can do that without using any function and using only simple formulas. You can take an overview of different methods and their corresponding outcomes in this article from the snapshot given below.

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**Basics of Percentage Calculation**

In mathematics, a percentage is a number that is expressed as a fraction of 100. If we want to find the percentage of a number, we must divide it by 100 and then multiply the result by the original amount. Therefore, the proportion refers to a component per 100. Per 100 is what the word percent means. It is represented by the symbol **“%.”**.

__Formula__

`Formula for Percentage = (Individual value/Sum of the values) × 100`

**Example:** 4/5 × 100 = 0.8 × 100 = 80%

**Learn to Calculate Percentage of Time in Excel with These 4 Methods**

In this article, we will learn **4** different ways to calculate the percentage of time in Excel. Let’s assume that we have the record of the **Start Date** & **End Date** of the employee’s tasks. At some fixed date we want to know how much progression each employee has made with their tasks. In the following sections, we will learn about that. The sample dataset for our record is as follows for demonstration purposes.

**method**

### 1. Utilizing Simple Formula

In this section, we will create our very own simple formula to calculate the percentage of time in Excel. We will basically use the formula as shown in the previous section. This is the simplest of all methods because we don’t use any function here. So the steps for using this method are as follows.

**⬇️⬇️**** STEPS ****⬇️⬇️**

- Firstly we go to the cell
**F6**formula box to write this formula.

**=E6/D6**

- Now we use the
**Fill Handle**tool to copy the formula.

- Finally, we get the result in column
**F**.

**📕 Read More: ****Calculate Hours Between Two Dates and Times in Excel Excluding Weekends**

**method**

### 2. Using IFERROR Function

In this section, we will use the **IFERROR** function to calculate the percentage of time in Excel. This function checks for an error in the argument. If there is any error we can set up an error message beforehand. So This method is very useful to check if there is any error in the argument or not.

__Overview of IFERROR Function__

The syntax for this particular function is **IFERROR(value, value_if_error)**. For instance, we may use the **IFERROR** function to return a default value rather than an error if cell **B1** contains a formula that could result in an error.

**=IFERROR(B1, “Not Available”) **

If there is no error, this formula will provide the value of the formula in cell **B1**. The string **“Not Available”** will be the return if there is a problem.

So the steps for using this method are as follows.

**⬇️⬇️**** STEPS ****⬇️⬇️**

- Firstly we go to the cell
**F6**formula box and type this formula to**know the Duration**.

`=E6-D6+1`

- Now we
**copy the formula**first in other cells in column**F**. - After that, we write this formula in the cell
**H6**formula box.

`=IFERROR((DATEDIF(D6,G6,"d"))/F6,"")`

**🔨**** Formula Breakdown**

👉 Here **(DATEDIF(D6,G6,”d”)) **gives us the difference between the two dates in the cell.

👉 ** IFERROR((DATEDIF(D6,G6,”d”))/F6,””) **divides the difference by cell **F6 **and returns us the value.

👉 But if there is any error the return will be blank.

- Now we use the
**Fill Handle**tool to copy our formula. - Finally, we get the result in column
**H**.

**📕 Read More: ****9 Tricks to Calculate Time Difference Between AM and PM in Excel**

**method**

### 3. Using YEARFRAC Function

In this section, we will apply the **YEARFRAC** function to calculate the percentage of time in Excel. This function returns us the fraction of the year as days between two dates. This function is very useful when we want to know how many days in the year are over and how much is remaining.

__Overview of YEARFRAC Function__

The syntax for this function is **YEARFRAC(start_date, end_date, [basis])**. The **YEARFRAC** function, for instance, is very handy to determine the percentage of the year between two dates if the start date is in cell **B1** and the end date is in cell **D1**.

**=YEARFRAC(B1, D1) **

The result of this formula, rounding to the nearest four decimal places, will be the percentage of the year that passed between the two dates.

So the steps for using this method are as follows.

**⬇️⬇️**** STEPS ****⬇️⬇️**

- Firstly we go to the cell
**H6**formula box to write this formula.

`=YEARFRAC(D6,F6,1)*365`

- Here we get the return as the days have passed already.

- Now we copy the formula in other cells in column
**H**. - Following that, we write this formula in the cell
**I6**formula box.

`=H6/G6`

- After that, we use the
**Fill handle**tool again to copy the formula. - Finally, we get the result in column
**I**.

**📕 Read More: ****How to Calculate Turnaround Time in Excel Excluding Weekends**

**method**

### 4. Implying YEARFRAC, DATE & YEAR Functions Together

In this section, we will apply the **YEARFRAC**, **DATE** & **YEAR** functions together to calculate the percentage of time in Excel. They return the date & year corresponding to the arguments. This method is almost the same as the previous method but the main difference is we provide the arguments as a function here.

__Overview of DATE Function__

The syntax of the **DATE** function is **DATE(year,month,day)**. The **DATE** function is useful to construct a date. For instance, if we have the year value in cell **B1**, the month entry in cell **C1**, & the day entry in cell **D1**.

**=DATE(B1, C1, D1) **

The date that corresponds to the values for the year, month, and day in cells** B1**, **C1**, and **D1**, respectively, will be returned by this formula.

__Overview of YEAR Function__

The syntax of the **YEAR** function is **YEAR(date)**. The **YEAR** function is useful to get the year from a date in cell **B1** as follows.

**=YEAR(B1)**

The year of the date in cell **B1** will be the result of this formula. For instance, the formula will return the value **“2022” **if the date in cell **B1** is **“3/4/2022”**.

So the steps for using this method are as follows.

**⬇️⬇️**** STEPS ****⬇️⬇️**

- Firstly we go to the cell
**H6**formula box and write this formula.

`=YEARFRAC(DATE(YEAR(D6),1,1),E6)*365`

**🔨**** Formula Breakdown**

👉 **YEAR(D6)** returns us the year as a result.

👉 We get the particular date as a return from **DATE(YEAR(D6),1,1) **function.

👉 **YEARFRAC(DATE(YEAR(D6),1,1),E6)*365 **returns us the days that have passed already.

- Next, we copy the formula in column
**H**. - After that, we write this formula in the cell
**I6**formula box.

`=H6/G6`

- Now we use the
**Fill handle**tool to copy the formula. - Finally, we get our result in column
**I**.

## How to Calculate Percentage Between Two Dates in Excel

In this section, we will use the **DATEDIF** function to calculate the percentage between two dates in Excel. This function returns us the difference between **2 **dates.

__Overview of DATEDIF Function__

The syntax of this function is **DATEDIF(start_date,end_date,unit)**. The **DATEDIF** function can be used to determine the number of days between two dates, for instance, if the start date is in cell **B1** and the end date is in cell **C1**.

**=DATEDIF(B1, C1, “d”)**

So the steps for using this method are as follows.

**⬇️⬇️**** STEPS ****⬇️⬇️**

- Firstly we write this formula in the cell
**G6**formula box.

`=(DATEDIF(D6,F6,"d")+1)/(DATEDIF(D6,E6,"d")+1)`

- Then here we divide the
**2**values one by the other to get the percentage.

- Now we use the
**Fill Handle**tool to drag the formula. - Finally, we get our result in column
**G**.

## How to Calculate Percentage of Time Spent on a Task

In this section, we will learn how to calculate the percentage of time spent on a task using the **SUM** function. The syntax of this function is **SUM(number1,[number2],…)**. It returns us the summation of one or more number ranges. The steps for using this method are as follows.

**⬇️⬇️**** STEPS ****⬇️⬇️**

- Firstly we go to the cell
**D12**formula box and type this formula.

`=SUM(D6:D11)`

- Now we go to cell
**E6**and type this formula.

`=D6/$D$12`

- After that, we use the
**Fill Handle**tool to drag the formula. - Finally, we get our result in column
**E**.

**📕 Read More: ****5 Easy Ways to Fix When SUM Time Is Not Working in Excel**

## VALUE Error (#VALUE!) When Subtracting Time in Excel

In this section, we will learn about an error message that is quite common when we use Excel. It is called **Value Error (#VALUE!)**. We will discuss how they can happen when we** subtract time in Excel** and will also discuss how to avoid it. So the steps are as follows.

**⬇️⬇️**** STEPS ****⬇️⬇️**

- Here we face the
**Value Error (#VALUE!)**in column**F**. - The main reason behind this is that the date format entry in column
**E**is not right.

- So to avoid this error we rewrite the date in column
**E**as**mm/dd/yyyy**format.

- After that, we write the formula again and press the
**Enter**button. - Finally, we get our result in column
**F**.

**📄**** Important Notes**

🖊️ When we use any Excel function we need to be careful about the function arguments.

🖊️ Also not maintaining consistency in data types may cause errors.

**📝**** Takeaways from This Article**

📌 We can prepare any simple formula by ourselves to calculate the percentage of time in Excel.

📌 We can utilize the **IFERROR** function to calculate the percentage of time in Excel.

📌 Also we can use the **YEARFRAC** function to do the same job.

📌 Apart from these we can also use the **YEARFRAC**, **DATE** & **YEAR **functions together to do this task.

**Conclusion**

In this article, we have learned **4** simple ways to calculate the percentage of time in Excel. We can use different Excel functions such as **DATEIF**, **YEARFRAC**, **YEARFRAC** with **DATE** & **YEAR** together, etc. We can also use simple formulas to do the same task. Actually, It is totally up to the users which methods they want to follow. Furthermore, if you have any questions regarding this article you can comment in our comment section. If you are looking for more Excel-related topics and solve processes you can visit our website **www.Excelden.com**.

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